Question: What Should You Do If You Are Exposed To Blood Or Body Fluids?

How can workers be exposed to infected blood and body fluids?

To cause infection, the blood or body fluids containing the virus must gain entry into the bloodstream.

The highest-risk exposures are from sharps injuries (puncture wounds from needles or cuts from scalpels) or splashes to a worker’s mucous membranes (especially the eyes and mouth)..

What are 3 universal precautions when dealing with body fluids?

Universal precautions do not apply to feces, nasal secretions, sputum, sweat, tears, urine, and vomitus unless they contain visible blood. The risk of transmission of HIV and HBV from these fluids and materials is extremely low or nonexistent.

Which body fluid is most infectious?

Potentially infectious blood and body fluids includefluids containing visible blood.semen.vaginal secretions.cerebrospinal fluid.synovial fluid, pleural fluid.peritoneal fluid.pericardial fluid.amniotic fluid.More items…•

Can dried blood transmit disease?

You may be familiar with bloodborne diseases, but unsure if dried blood on a counter top is really something to be worried about. It is. This is because certain bloodborne viruses can live for days outside the body and still cause infection. Hepatitis B virus can live in dried blood for up to a week.

What are three ways our bodies can be infected with blood and bodily fluids at work?

work in the following ways:• By puncturing the skin with a sharp object contaminated with infected blood and body fluids.• By splashing infected blood and body fluids into the mucous membranes (the tissue lining of the.• By splashing infected blood and body fluids onto broken skin (e.g., fresh open cuts, nicks, wounds,

What is considered a high risk fluid?

Body fluids which constitute a higher risk of containing potential biohazards include: Human blood and blood products, including plasma, serum, and blood components. Semen and vaginal secretions. Vomit or feces.

Is poop considered a bodily fluid?

Modern medicine still bases healing on bodily fluids: blood, mucus, feces, saliva, semen, sweat, tears, urine, and even ear wax contain valuable information about a person’s health.

What happens if your blood mixes with someone else’s?

Some infections can be passed on in blood or in body fluids (such as saliva) that can become mixed with blood. These are known as blood-borne viruses (BBVs). The risk of an infection being passed on in this way largely depends on the type of infection and how you come into contact with the infected blood.

Is blood on intact skin an exposure?

A small amount of blood on intact skin probably poses no risk at all. There have been no documented cases of HIV transmission due to an exposure involving a small amount of blood on intact skin (a few drops of blood on skin for a short period of time).

What tests are done after a needlestick?

Laboratory studies in exposed individuals/health care worker include the following: Hepatitis B surface antibody. HIV testing at time of incident and again at 6 weeks, 3 months, and 6 months. Hepatitis C antibody at time of incident and again at 2 weeks, 4 weeks, and 8 weeks.

What are the 4 major body fluids?

Compartments by locationIntracellular fluid.Extracellular fluid. Intravascular fluid (blood plasma) Interstitial fluid. Lymphatic fluid (sometimes included in interstitial fluid) Transcellular fluid.

Can you get infected by touching blood?

Blood and body fluids, such as saliva, semen and vaginal fluid, can contain viruses that can be passed on to other people. If you have contact with a person’s blood or body fluids you could be at risk of HIV, hepatitis B or hepatitis C, or other blood borne illnesses.

What is the only body fluid that is not considered infectious?

Feces, nasal secretions, saliva, sputum, sweat, tears, urine, and vomitus are not considered potentially infectious unless they are visibly bloody.

What should you do if you are exposed to blood at work?

Wash exposed skin, cuts, and needlestick injuries thoroughly with soap and water. If you have been splashed by potentially infectious fluids around the eyes, nose or mouth, flush the area with water. Immediately report the incident to emergency medical services.

What to do if you get pricked by a used needle?

Treatment: When somebody accidentally gets pricked by a needle: as soon as possible, wash the area around the puncture for at least 30 seconds, using soap and warm water. Bottled water can also be used if no hand washing facilities are available.

What are the 10 standard precautions?

Standard PrecautionsHand hygiene.Use of personal protective equipment (e.g., gloves, masks, eyewear).Respiratory hygiene / cough etiquette.Sharps safety (engineering and work practice controls).Safe injection practices (i.e., aseptic technique for parenteral medications).Sterile instruments and devices.More items…

What are examples of body fluids?

Biological fluids include blood, urine, semen (seminal fluid), vaginal secretions, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), synovial fluid, pleural fluid (pleural lavage), pericardial fluid, peritoneal fluid, amniotic fluid, saliva, nasal fluid, otic fluid, gastric fluid, breast milk, as well as cell culture supernatants.

What are the 3 methods of infection control?

There are three types of transmission-based precautions: contact, droplet, and airborne. Contact precautions are used in addition to standard precautions when caring for patients with known or suspected diseases that are spread by direct or indirect contact.

What are universal safety precautions?

Universal precautions is an approach to infection control to treat all human blood and certain human body fluids as if they were known to be infectious for HIV, HBV and other bloodborne pathogens, (Bloodborne Pathogens Standard 29 CFR 1910.1030(b) definitions).