Quick Answer: Which Is Better Radioactive Iodine Or Surgery?

Is surgery the best option for hyperthyroidism?

When Surgery Is Appropriate A total thyroidectomy is the only option that gives an immediate cure of hyperthyroidism.

Although a thyroidectomy is not the most commonly used method to treat hyperthyroidism, there are some cases when it is the most appropriate option..

What are the long term side effects of radioactive iodine?

Possible long term side effectsLower ability to have children (fertility) … Inflammation of the salivary glands (where spit is made) … Tiredness. … Dry or watery eyes. … Lower levels of blood cells. … Lung problems. … Second cancers.

Do you lose hair with radioactive iodine?

Will my hair fall out after the radioactive iodine treatment? Radioactive iodine does not produce hair loss. Nevertheless, hair loss can be associated with changing levels of thyroid hormone, and may be experienced by some patients with hypo or hyperthyroidism.

Do you gain weight after thyroidectomy?

Background: Patients who undergo thyroidectomy often complain of weight gain, which they frequently at- tribute to inadequate thyroid hormone replacement.

How will I feel after radioactive iodine?

Most people don’t feel different after treatment. But a few people may have nausea. Within a few days after treatment, the radioactive iodine will leave your body in your urine and saliva. How long it takes will depend on your age and on the dose you received.

What foods to avoid if you have no thyroid?

9 Foods to Avoid if You’re Diagnosed With HypothyroidismCertain foods like fatty meat and cruciferous veggies may interfere with the production of thyroid hormone. … Gluten, Found in Bread, Pasta, and Rice. … Sugary Foods Like This Delicious Chocolate Cake. … Excess Fiber From Beans, Legumes, and Vegetables.More items…•

Should I have radioactive iodine treatment?

Radioactive iodine is an effective and safe treatment option for children and teenagers with an over-active thyroid gland, but will usually be given as a second-line treatment after a reasonably long course of antithyroid medication.

Does radioactive iodine weaken your immune system?

Treatment of Graves’ disease patients with radioactive iodide (RAI) can induce two therapeutically important alterations in immune response to thyroid antigens. These may be characterized as a first response and a second phase response.

How bad is radioactive iodine?

Thyroid Cancer. Radioactive iodine can kill the cells that make up the thyroid gland and thyroid cancer. If thyroid cancer has spread to other parts of the body, radioactive iodine can attack the disease there, too.

How long does radioactive iodine treatment last?

Although the radioactivity from this treatment remains in the thyroid for some time, it is greatly diminished within a few days. The effect of this treatment on the thyroid gland usually takes between one and three months to develop, with maximum benefit occurring three to six months after treatment.

How long does it take to heal from thyroid surgery?

Most people are ready to return home within one day of surgery, but take off about two weeks from work to recover. You’ll need to refrain from heavy lifting or other tasks that can strain your neck for up to three weeks after your surgery.

How do I clean my house after radioactive iodine treatment?

The iodine-131 will wash out in the laundry….To decrease the spread of radioactivity:If possible, use a separate bathroom.Flush the toilet two times after each use.Men should sit down when urinating.If urine should be spilled/splashed, wash and rinse the affected area three times, using paper towels or tissue.More items…•

Is thyroid removal major surgery?

A thyroidectomy is a treatment for a variety of diseases, disorders and conditions of the thyroid gland. A thyroidectomy is a common but major surgery with serious risks and potential complications. You may have less invasive treatment options.

Does thyroid removal shorten life expectancy?

Overall 14% of the patients had reduced life expectancy. There was no reduction in life expectancy for those younger than age 45, but it was reduced in those older than age 45, especially in those over age 60.

How long do you have to be isolated after radioactive iodine?

You should sleep alone for the first 3 to 5 nights after treatment. Avoid personal contact for about 3 to 7 days after treatment. In those first 3 days after therapy, you should stay a safe distance away from others (6 feet away, approximately).

Do you gain weight after radioactive iodine treatment?

Weight seemed to stabilize in the long-term setting, with minimal increases between 8 and 12 months and at 24 months after radioactive iodine treatment. The clinical significance of weight gain from the time of diagnosis of hyperthyroidism to 2 years after radioactive iodine therapy is unclear.

When Should Thyroid be removed?

Your doctor may recommend that you consider thyroid surgery for 4 main reasons: You have a nodule that might be thyroid cancer. You have a diagnosis of thyroid cancer. You have a nodule or goiter that is causing local symptoms – compression of the trachea, difficulty swallowing or a visible or unsightly mass.

What are the side effects of having your thyroid gland removed?

RisksBleeding.Infection.Low parathyroid hormone levels (hypoparathyroidism) caused by surgical damage or removal of the parathyroid glands. These glands are located behind your thyroid and regulate blood calcium. … Airway obstruction caused by bleeding.Permanent hoarse or weak voice due to nerve damage.

Can I touch things after radioactive iodine?

Your body will slowly eliminate the radioactive iodine through body fluids such as your saliva, sweat and urine. As this happens, things you touch or people that come near you will be exposed to radioactive iodine, which is unsafe.

Is radioactive iodine harmful?

Side Effects of Radioactive Iodine The most common side effect of radioactive iodine may seem ironic, yet it makes perfect sense—hypothyroidism. The radioactive iodine often kills an excessive amount of thyroid cells, leaving the thyroid unable to produce enough hormones—the opposite problem you had before.

Does having your thyroid removed Cure Graves Disease?

ANSWER: Thyroid removal is one of several treatment options that can effectively decrease symptoms of Graves’ disease. Others include anti-thyroid medications and radioiodine. Each person is different, and no one treatment is best for everyone. A thyroidectomy often relieves symptoms of Graves’ disease.